While rehabilitation programs are typically thought of in relation to substance abuse, there are other types of rehab programs as well. Sometimes courts order rehabilitation for some types of offenders, including those who may need assistance in reintegrating into society. These sorts of rehab programs often are built upon similar philosophical perspectives and can be organized in a similar fashion as substance abuse programs. Here are some of the common rehab program types:
- Residential rehab programs are those in which the patient is housed during treatment. These are voluntary but participation is also often court-mandated. Patients are supposed to remain in the facility full-time.
- Locked-door programs, with patients being restrained from leaving. Others do not interfere with a client intent on leaving, though they may forbid return. Typically, these intensive rehab programs are 90 days in duration; however, there are some that, when necessary, do last longer.
- Halfway houses or sober living houses are aftercare options for patients after they have completed a more traditional rehab program. While patients are residents, they are allowed a good amount of freedom in a sober living home. They are able to go to work or school and, with permission, able to participate in certain recreational activities.
- Outpatient treatment is a type of rehab program in which the patient lives in their own home and attends to the daily routines of life, such as work, school and family obligations, while going to the rehab facility at regular intervals for treatment. The intervals vary according to need, and can be daily, weekly or on whatever schedule the mental health or substance abuse professional deems necessary.
Community-based programs are those that are set within the community, rather than at a more formal facility. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is one example of this type of rehab program. Storefront drop-in centers are another. Many of these community-based programs, such as AA or Narcotics Anonymous are based on the 12-step treatment model.